Epidural: Pros and Cons

A pregnant woman who is in labor is getting an epidural at the hospital. There was a time when women couldn’t dull the pain from childbirth. Today, some pain management options include spinal block, narcotics, nitrous oxide with tranquilizers and an epidural block. An epidural block is used to manage pain in a specific area of the body.

According to Self magazine, 61 percent of women in the U.S. have an epidural during childbirth. An epidural blocks the nerve signals from the lower part of the spine, decreasing the pain in the lower half of the body. 

What to expect

First, you are given an I.V. to help prevent low blood pressure. Your doctor will have you sit or lie on your side. You’ll bring your knees to your chest so your lower back becomes rounded.

Next, you will be injected with a local anesthetic to numb the area.

A needle with a test dose is injected into the epidural space. The epidural space is the area surrounding the spinal cord. This test can help determine if you are susceptible to an allergy.

Finally, a plastic catheter or tube is threaded into the space and the needle is removed. The pain medication is administered through the catheter. 

Epidural Pros

  • Alleviates pain in the lower body without slowing down labor
  • Allows you to remain alert and awake
  • May allow you to walk around
  • May provide anesthesia for a non-emergent C-section

Epidural Cons

  • Might affect one side of the body more than the other
  • May require a catheter or tube in your bladder to allow you to urinate
  • May cause your blood pressure to fall
  • May lead to fever or itching
  • May rarely cause a headache after delivery 

The choice of getting an epidural is something that you should discuss with your doctor. For more information or a physician referral, call (888) 828-9580 or find a doctor near you.